近日获悉，由我院程励教授担任主编的全英文国际学术季刊International Journal of Tourism Anthropology 2016年第五卷，第一期和第二期日前已经在英国正式合期出版。本期主题为Exploring the Interface between Religion and Heritage in Tourist Destinations（旅游目的地宗教与遗产的边界），本期程励教授邀请到来自美国宾夕法尼亚West Chester大学人类学和社会学的Dr. Michael A. Di Giovine教授和西班牙加泰罗尼亚理工大学建筑设计系Dr. Josep-Maria Garcia-Fuentes教授担纲本期客座编辑。Dr. Michael A. Di Giovine从芝加哥大学获得宗教人类学哲学博士学位，目前也是美国威斯康星大学麦迪逊分校人类学系的Honorary Fellow。Dr. Josep-Maria Garcia-Fuentes目前是西班牙加泰罗尼亚理工大学国际合作副院长。
本期作者来自美国、英国、德国、新西兰、西班牙、土耳其等六个国家，包括有英国剑桥大学、英国伯明翰大学、德国汉堡大学、美国的威斯康星大学以及新西兰奥克兰理工大学等世界知名学府学者的最新研究论文。特别是其中有来自国际旅游学引领性期刊Mobilities（SSCI检索）的主编Dr. Kevin Hannam教授等国际著名学者为本刊供稿。
Title: Re-inventing Europe: the case of the Camino de Santiago de Compostela as European heritage and the political and economic discourses of cultural unity
Author: J.E. Chemin
Address: Fen ve Edebiyat Fakultesi, Çağ Universitesi, Turkey
Abstract: This paper argues that the enthusiasm for heritage tourism that has developed in Europe in the past three decades is inextricably tied to the political project of the European Union and its drive to create cultural coherence in a multinational, multicultural continent. I explore the ways in which the 'heritage-scape' of Europe, in particular its pilgrimage routes, are portrayed as emblems of European values and culture. I claim that these values are built on selective readings of history and a romantic re-imagining of the past that serve present political and economic ends. Through peripheral pilgrimage sites and routes, messages about cultural unity are disseminated, and the reproduction of an ideal of 'unity in diversity' is brought to centre stage in the politics of the Union. I exemplify this process with a description of the pan-European network of pilgrim routes that now forms the largely re-invented Camino de Santiago pilgrimage.
Keywords: politics; religion; pilgrimage routes; Camino de Santiago de Compostela; European heritage; economics; cultural unity; culture; Council of Europe; European Union; heritage tourism; cultural heritage; European values; European culture.
Title: Producing heritage: culture as commodity in Madurai
Author: Gita V. Pai
Address: Department of History, University of Wisconsin-La Crosse, 403M Wimberly Hall, 1725 State Street, La Crosse, WI 54601, USA
Abstract: This paper explores the actual and potential museumification of living cultural and religious forms at the Minakshi-Sundareshvara temple complex in Madurai, a major pilgrimage site in the state of Tamil Nadu, south India. It focuses primarily on attempts to sanitise and thus reinvent tradition by removing commerce from within the 17th-century Pudu Mandapam (Tamil, 'new hall'), where it has had a longstanding place. This endeavour is ironically related to larger attempts to produce 'heritage' as a commodity that can be marketed in the context of a growing cultural tourism industry. The finished museum will reconfigure everyday life, transforming the ephemeral into static, ahistorical displays that appeal to foreigners, foreign nationals of Indian ancestry and visitors from other parts of India.
Keywords: commerce; commodity; culture; cultural tourism industry; cultural heritage; Minakshi-Sundareshvara temple; Madurai; museum; museumification; Nayaka period; pilgrimage sites; preservation; Pudu Mandapam; restoration; sanitation; India; tradition.
Title: Shrine visiting as heritage
Author: Shadia Taha
Address: Wolfson College, University of Cambridge, 106 Barton Road, Cambridge, CB3 9LH, UK
Abstract: Shrine visiting is a prevalent phenomenon throughout Sudan and the Islamic world and deeply entrenched in local traditions. Based on ethnographic research, this paper aims to gain an insight into the intangible aspects of shrine visiting. The article explores the paradoxical popularity of shrine visiting and the tension between popular Islam and orthodox Islam, and examines the continued significance of shrines. The research illustrates shrine visiting is an integral aspect of Suakin's holistic heritage values. Yet, shrines are not protected under Sudanese law. The case study demonstrates the value of what is considered mundane heritage on the maintenance and transmission of cultural heritage and argues that the living religious heritage of shrine visiting needs to be considered as heritage. Furthermore, it suggests that shrines and rituals are central for peoples' religious and cultural identity. Nevertheless, the intangible association with the shrines has been neglected by conservation practices in Sudan and in most of the Islamic world.
Keywords: Sudan; Suakin; shrines; Ziyara; rituals; practices; cultural heritage; intangible heritage; diversity; multiplicity of values; religious communities; popular Islam; orthodox Islam; shrine visits; ethnography; site protection; case study; cultural identity; religious identity.
Title: The impact of the consecration of 'La Sagrada Familia' basilica in Barcelona by Pope Benedict XVI
Author: Estela Marine-Roig
Address: Research Group on Territorial Analysis and Tourism Studies (GRATET), Rovira i Virgili University (URV), Joanot Martorell, 15, 43480 Vila-seca, Catalonia, Spain
Abstract: The aim of this study is to use different perspectives to analyse the impact of a special religious event held in a church that is a world heritage site: La Sagrada Familia in Barcelona. First, this study explains the relationship between religion, tourism and heritage. Then, the impact of the event on the coexistence of Christianity and secularism in heritage sites was studied by identifying conflicting groups. The news in the mass media was analysed to identify which individuals and social groups were for or against it, their arguments and capacity for mobilisation. A quantitative study of tourist impact in terms of visitors and image broadcasting (both of Barcelona and of La Sagrada Familia) was then carried out. The results show notable social and tourism-related impacts. For example, the total number of online travel reviews about La Sagrada Familia multiplied six fold the year after the event.
Keywords: world heritage sites; religious events; religion; social media; online reviews; travel reviews; destination image; Pope Benedict XVI; Sagrada Familia; Barcelona; Spain; consecration; tourism industry; tourist destinations; Christianity; secularism; tourist impact.
Title: Performing the sacred: Varanasi, the city of living heritage
Author: Cristiana Zara
Address: School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK
Abstract: This paper is about tourism and heritage performance in sacred sites. The pilgrimage city of Varanasi, in Northern India, forms the basis for analysing the multifarious spatial practices, social interactions and cultural performances which often constitute the heritage of religious sites. The central claim of this paper is that heritage is performative; drawing on ethnographic examples, I argue that Varanasi's heritage should be thought of as a 'living heritage' continually restored by the rituals of pilgrims, locals and devotees as much as by the activities of those who come to visit the city. This productive 'messiness' of performative and spatialised encounters activates processes of cultural negotiation and identity formation which underpin the symbolic relevance of this city.
Keywords: India; Varanasi; living heritage; multicultural encounters; tourist performance; tourist spaces; sacred sites; tourism anthropology; pilgrimage cities; social interactions; cultural performances; ethnography.
Title: New ways of gazing: the refractive gaze
Author: Lindsay Neill; Charles Johnston; Erwin Losekoot
School of Hospitality and Tourism, Auckland University of Technology, 55 Wellesley Street, Auckland, 1142, New Zealand
Abstract: This paper proposes a new gaze: the refractive gaze. To provide a contextual framework for it, this paper explores Foucault's (1963) physicians gaze; Urry's (1999) tourist gaze; Maoz's (2006) mutual gaze and Bell's (2005) prescriptive and nervous gazes. We introduce the refractive gaze by examining how tourist-gastronomes negotiate food risk and how this fuels their culinary and cultural capital. The refractive gaze incorporates the subjectively experienced cognitive and sensuous elements that tourist-gastronomes encounter in their quest for 'out of the ordinary' food experiences. Our research is based on secondary case sources that illuminate the articulated theory; in particular, the work of Bell (2010) - who noted how tourist-gastronomes negotiate horse milk consumption in rural Mongolia - which emphasised the internal thought processes followed in deciding to override a fear/risk nexus in order to gain the bragging rights of cultural and culinary capital. Interpretation of Bell's (2010) case material indicates the refractive gaze has potentially broad generalisability vis-à-vis academic understanding of touristic food experience, as well as in areas beyond this domain.
Keywords: refractive gaze; tourist gastronomes; cultural capital; culinary capital; food risk; food experiences; food fears; food tourism.
Title: The artisan backpacker: a development in Latin American backpacker tourism
Author: Anne-Katrin Broocks; Kevin Hannam
Institute of Social and Cultural Anthropology, University of Hamburg, Edmund-Siemers-Allee 1 – Flügelbau West (ESA W), 20146 Hamburg, Germany
The Business School, Edinburgh Napier University, Craiglockhart Campus, Edinburgh EH14 1DJ, UK
Abstract: This article examines the phenomenon of the artisan backpacker in Latin America based upon ethnographic research. We show that Latin American youth have developed their own way of travelling, based upon the existing mainstream Western and Israeli backpacking culture and infrastructure but using their own specific economic activities to finance their travel - selling self-made jewellery. While they share a similar value system, the so-called dominant backpacking 'code of honour', we also identify another value, namely a deeper involvement in the local, often indigenous culture and nature. Similarities could also be discerned between the ideological system of the artisan backpacker and the volunteer backpacker, particularly in terms of the need for risk creation. The lack of sufficient monetary resources shapes the ways in which artisan backpacker's travel. They use different modes of transport and accommodation than other backpackers and they need to plan their days around their economic activities: crafting and selling their jewellery. However, through trading and bargaining, the artisan backpackers are able to improve their international business skills, their English language skills, and their geographical and touristic knowledge. They additionally became more embedded with the local population in order to negotiate their own identity as Latin Americans.
Keywords: artisans; indigenous culture; lifestyle mobilities; handicraft production; ethnography; Latin America; artisan backpackers; backpacker tourism; Latin American youth; young people; self-made jewellery; self-financing; risk creation; financial resources; trading; bargaining; international business skills; English language skills; geographical knowledge; touristic knowledge; local population.
International Journal of Tourism Anthropology （IJTA）简介
IJTA编委由40余位国际一流知名旅游学者组成，他们不仅参与IJTA的审稿，也亲自投稿，该期刊所有投稿论文均必须按照国际规范进行国际同行匿名评审，没有任何形式的版面费。95%以上的发表论文来自北美及欧洲的高水平研究机构，汤森路透负责Web of Science期刊评估的副总裁James Testa博士曾经高度评价IJTA正逐渐成为世界级的专业期刊。据悉，IJTA已经被列入四川大学人文社科国际期刊重点资助对象以及四川大学旅游学院学术名刊资助工程。根据汤森路透Web of Science 2016年6月的最新报告，IJTA的国际影响力正在快速提升，数据显示IJTA的WOS被引频次总计已经达到102次，每项平均引用次数1.85，其h指数（h-index）已经达到5。
Annals of Tourism Research
Journal of Travel Research
International Journal of Sustainable Tourism
Journal of Travel Tourism Marketing
Current Issues in Tourism
International Journal of Hospitality Management
Journal of Anthropological Research
International Journal of Intangible Heritage
Island Studies Journal
Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Environmental Communication A Journal of Nature and Culture
Simulation Transactions of The Society for Modeling and Simulation International
Progress in Development Studies
Globalization and Intercultural Dialogue: Multidisciplinary Perspectives Economy and Management
Journal of Destination Marketing Management
Journal of Travel Tourism Marketing
Journal of Business Research
Journal of Sport & Social Issues
Catalan Journal of Communication & Cultural Studies
International Journal of Culture Tourism and Hospitality Research
Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Sustainable Value Chain in a Dynamic Environment
ISSN online: 1759-0450
ISSN print: 1759-0442