据悉，由我院旅游与景观学系程励教授担任主编的全英文国际学术季刊 International Journal of Tourism Anthropology 2015年第三期Vol. 4 , No.3日前已经在英国正式出版。本期主题为Tourism Discourse: Local and Global Perspectives，本期客座编辑为毕业于加拿大滑铁卢大学，目前任教于北京联合大学旅游学院的季少军博士。本期作者分别来自加拿大、美国、德国、捷克的University of Waterloo, University of Siegen, University of Portland, University of Wisconsin-Platteville, University of Central Florida, Old Dominion University, The Pennsylvania State University, Shandong University, Charles University in Prague。
Title: Environmental management and Egyptian tourism
Author: Zainub Ibrahim; Geoffrey Wall
Addresses: Humber Institute of Technology and Advanced Learning, The Business School, Toronto, Canada; Department of Geography and Environmental Management, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Canada
Abstract: This paper examines the growth of tourism and the subsequent issues related to environmental policy. Egypt has a substantial history of environmental policy but environmental degradation still occurs for a variety of reasons. This paper outlines the evolution of environmental policy in Egypt, and presents key limitations that hinder the implementation of these policies. These limitations are based on an examination of environmental policies that govern Red Sea tourism practice and development. These were determined by analysing laws and legislation, conducting in-depth, unstructured interviews with key informants, and through observation and recording along the Egyptian Red Sea coast. It was found that external and top-down initiation of environmental awareness, multiplicity of institutions and authorities, lack of a clear political voice for the environment, poorly-planned privatisation, and changing role of government impede the implementation of environmental policy.
Title: Bourgeois tourism as a discourse of inclusion and exclusion - the tourist gaze in late 19th century Germany
Author: Daniela Fleiß
Address: Department of Modern and Contemporary History, Faculty of Arts, University of Siegen, Germany
Abstract: Questions of possibilities to distinguish oneself from other groups of society and to define one's own identity often lay at the core of middle class discourse. This is especially true for the end of the 19th century and for the German Bürgertum. One means of defining and developing this identity was the special, if not peculiar, behaviour of tourists. This behaviour included perceiving landscapes, processes, and even animals and human beings in a way that removed them from their primary character and be reduced to the quality of mere events for the observer. This 'tourist gaze' (Urry, 1990) and the underlying discourse enabled the bourgeoisie to differentiate themselves from those who were not able to experience this particular perception. When factories were newly considered tourist sights at the end of the 19th century, this distinction increased even further because factory workers were not only unable to be tourists, but became themselves the very object of tourist attention.
Title: Beyond the Grand Tour: re-thinking the education abroad narrative for US higher education in the 1920s
Author: Eduardo Contreras Jr.
Address: University of Portland, Portland, USA
Abstract: This paper utilises primary source documents from the first officially sanctioned US study abroad programs in the 1920s to argue that the discourse about the first study abroad programs for US students was a break from the Grand Tour tradition of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Instead, this paper suggests that study abroad represented an experimental and innovative approach to the acquisition of knowledge for US undergraduates. The discourse of those who created these programs and those who participated was distinct from the Grand Tour in three ways that are described in the paper as, distinct by design, distinct by omission and distinct by experience. These three areas of distinction refute the contemporary narrative that conflates the Grand Tour with study abroad.
Title: Impact of rural tourism development on subjective well-being of rural Chinese women
Author: Yixiao Xiang; Dong Isbister; Fevzi Okumus
Addresses: School of Management, Shandong University, China; College of Liberal Arts and Education, University of Wisconsin-Platteville, USA; Rosen College of Hospitality Management, The University of Central Florida, USA
Abstract: This exploratory study investigates the impact of tourism development on the subjective well-being of rural women in the suburban area of Jinan city, Shandong, China. Both qualitative and quantitative research methods were used to collect empirical data from rural women. According to the study findings, tourism development has reshaped rural Chinese female villagers' daily lives and enhanced their subjective well-being in the context of urbanisation, land loss, and land use regulations in China's rural areas. The study offers theoretical and practical implications. Suggestions for future research are also provided.
Title: Context in tourist encounters and the double meaning of the word 'toris' in Sumba, Indonesia
Author: Adriana Kábová
Address: Faculty of Humanities, Department of General Anthropology, Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to describe a communication mismatch that is enacted in encounters between tourists and inhabitants of the island Sumba in Eastern Indonesia. Special attention will be paid to the role of mental models based on knowledge of rumours about white headhunters. Due to a language barrier that frequently comes between tourists and locals, context comes to the fore in these interaction episodes. This context will be explored using the schema of mental models resulting from the shared knowledge of rumours.
Title: Re-defining localism: an ethnography of human territoriality in the surf
Author: Lindsay E. Usher; Deborah Kerstetter
Addresses: Park, Recreation and Tourism Studies, Human Movement Sciences Department, Old Dominion University, USA; Department of Recreation, Park and Tourism Management, The Pennsylvania State University, USA
Abstract: Surf tourism is a growing segment of the tourism industry that is affecting many developing countries as surfers travel to find perfect, uncrowded waves. With the influx of tourists, local surfers often feel the need to defend the waves they surf every day. This phenomenon is known as localism, which is a form of human territoriality. This ethnographic study analyses localism using a territoriality framework in one surf tourism destination on the coast of Nicaragua. It is based on two months of field work, including observations and interviews, with local surfers, resident foreigners and tourists in and around the Popoyo Reef surf break. The findings show that localism is far more complex than previously conceived by many surfers. Not all local surfers felt the same about the space and while they did exhibit ownership, defined boundaries and regulated behaviour in the surf, they were still willing to share the space with others.
Annals of Tourism Research,
Journal of Travel Research
International Journal of Sustainable Tourism
Journal of Travel Tourism Marketing
Current Issues in Tourism
International Journal of Hospitality Management
Journal of Anthropological Research
International Journal of Intangible Heritage
Island Studies Journal
Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Environmental Communication A Journal of Nature and Culture
Simulation Transactions of The Society for Modeling and Simulation International , Sustainability
Progress in Development Studies